Information gathering techniques

Research and discuss 4 information gathering techniques, explain each technique and recommend countermeasures you would implement to reduce the effectiveness of these tools by hackers. Provide a MS Word document of 4 pages in length plus a cover page and references.

Cover page and reference page are not included in page count. Document formatting, citations, and references must follow APA format. The   includes sections for paper formatting, as well as reference and citation examples. For example, 250 words equals one page of content.



discuss 4 information gathering techniques, explain each technique and recommend countermeasures you would implement to reduce the effectiveness of these tools by hackers.


Information gathering is a process used by hackers to gather information about a target network, including IP addresses, operating systems and other computer equipment. Information can also be gathered through social engineering tactics or by using exploits on popular software such as Microsoft Word. This article will discuss 4 different ways that you can use to gather information about your competitors.


Reconnaissance is the process of gathering information about a target prior to an attack. It can be done in many ways, including:

  • Scanning the internet for publicly available information (such as websites) and analyzing them for relevant data.
  • Using a pen test toolkit that allows you to identify vulnerabilities on various systems or networks, including those owned by your targets.

This type of attack shows up when hackers want to know what they’re up against before launching their offensive operations.

Analysing network data

Network data is the information that is transmitted across a network. The data can be analysed to find out what is happening on the network. For example, you could use this information to check whether there are any problems with your security or if someone has accessed your system illegally. You can also use this type of analysis to see who else is accessing your systems and what type of activity they’re performing.

Social engineering

Social engineering is the art of manipulating people into performing actions or divulging confidential information. It’s an attack against human nature, using human weaknesses to gain access to information or systems.

The most common examples include phishing (a type of social engineering technique) and telephone scams where scammers pretend to be from the bank or government agency that you are calling in order to get personal details about you such as your social security number and credit card numbers.

Mass collection of information from a computer network.

Mass collection of information from a computer network.

Hackers can use this to find out about the organisation, its people and its technology. This is one of the most effective techniques used by hackers because it gives them access to all kinds of information about an organisation including:

  • Information about you (your name and contact details)
  • Details about your job title and responsibilities
  • How long you have worked for them
  • Information about any mission-critical systems or services that are used by the company

Information gathering techniques can be used to attack a business.

Information gathering is the first step in any attack. Information gathering can be used to gain access to sensitive data, perform reconnaissance, and even launch an attack against your business. In fact, it’s important for you to understand that information gathering is one of the most common types of attacks that hackers use against businesses today.


There are many different information gathering techniques that hackers use. It’s important for businesses to understand how these tools can be used to attack their network and take steps to address these threats before it is too late.



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