Comparative Reasoning

Comparative Reasoning

R e q u i r e d R e s o u r c e s

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

• Textbook: Chapter 12 • Lesson 1, 2 • The Doctors’ Choice is America’s Choice”: The Physician in US Cigarette

Advertisements, 1930-1953Links to an external site. • The Opioid Epidemic: It’s Time to Place Blame Where It BelongsLinks to an

external site. • Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook and noted readings)

I n t r o d u c t i o n

The medical profession has a muddled and contradictory association with its approach toward the tobacco industry. While the profession now firmly opposes to smoking and vigorously publicizes the serious, even fatal, health hazards associated with smoking, this was not always so. Advertisements for tobacco products, including cigarettes “… became a ready source of income for numerous medical organizations and journals, including the New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), as well as many branches and bulletins of local medical associations” (Wolinsky & Brune, 1994). Physicians and reference to doctors and smoking were once common in tobacco industry advertisements. The story of physicians and promotion of smoking can be found in “The Doctors’ Choice Is America’s Choice” (Gardner & Brandt, 2006).

The role of physicians in the current opioid crisis is now under scrutiny on television (Farmer, 2019) by trade publications (King, 2018), peer-reviewed journals (deShazo, et al, 2018), and by physicians themselves (Hirsch, 2019).

I n i t i a l P o s t I n s t r u c t i o n s

For the initial post, research the history of the association of doctors with tobacco companies and tobacco advertising. Read about the association of doctors with the opioid crisis. Then, address the following:

• In what way are the two situations comparable? • In what way are they different?

• Apply the concept of moral equivalence. Is the conduct of doctors in relation to smoking and the tobacco industry morally equivalent to the conduct of doctors in the opioid crisis? Explain your position and be very specific.

• APA format for in-text citations and list of references. • 1 page


In this essay, I will be comparing and contrasting different aspects of traditional and digital learning by exploring the benefits and drawbacks of traditional and online education, comparing the efficiency of traditional and digital note-taking methods, and examining the pros and cons of textbooks versus digital resources. By doing so, I hope to gain a better understanding of how technology is impacting the way students learn today.
In recent years, the debate surrounding traditional and online education has become increasingly prominent. While both offer distinct advantages, there are also drawbacks to each form of education. According to M Hannay and T Newvine, authors of a 2006 study published in the Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, there are several key differences between the two. For example, traditional education typically offers a more structured and organized environment, which can be beneficial for those who learn better with structure, while online education offers more flexibility and convenience, allowing students to learn at their own pace and from any location. Furthermore, traditional education offers more face-to-face interaction, allowing students to collaborate and engage in meaningful discussion with their peers, whereas online education often relies more heavily on written communication and is less personal. Additionally, traditional education has a greater focus on lectures and exams, while online education typically offers more opportunities to engage in hands-on projects. Ultimately, the decision between traditional and online education relies on the individual needs and preferences of the student, as each offers its own set of advantages and drawbacks.
The efficiency of traditional and digital note-taking methods has been studied extensively over the last few decades. Research conducted by J Pearson, G Buchanan, H Thimbleby and others (2012) suggests that digital methods can be significantly more efficient than traditional methods when it comes to note-taking. The study found that digital note-takers can record more information in a given amount of time and are able to focus more on the content of the lecture than their traditional counterparts. Additionally, the digital note-takers were found to be more organized and efficient in their note-taking as they were able to easily access and search for relevant information. Furthermore, the study showed that digital note-takers were able to recall more of the lecture content than traditional note-takers. These findings highlight the benefits of digital note-taking and suggest that it is more efficient than traditional methods for taking notes. Therefore, it is important for students to consider the use of digital tools when it comes to taking notes.
In recent years, the use of digital resources for educational purposes has become more popular. JR Engbrecht’s 2018 research in examines the pros and cons of textbooks versus digital resources in K-12 classrooms. Engbrecht asserts that digital resources are more interactive and can provide students with more up-to-date information than textbooks. In addition, digital resources are more cost-effective and can be used by large numbers of students simultaneously. On the other hand, Engbrecht explains that textbooks can be more durable and reliable, and can provide more detailed information. Textbooks can also be used offline, while digital resources often require internet access. In conclusion, Engbrecht argues that each type of resource has its own unique strengths and weaknesses, and educators should use a combination of the two to meet their students’ needs.
Comparative reasoning is a fundamental problem solving skill that can be applied to a variety of tasks in life. By learning to think comparatively, we can more easily identify patterns, formulate theories, and come to reliable conclusions. This in turn can increase understanding of cause-and-effect relationships and promote creativity. Furthermore, it allows us to determine key similarities and differences between individuals, groups, and objects in order to identify potential solutions or strategies. In essence, comparative reasoning circumvents the time-consuming process of trial and error, enabling more efficient means of problem-solving.
Work Cited
M Hannay.”Perceptions of distance learning: A comparison of online and traditional learning.”
J Pearson., G Buchanan., H Thimbleby.”The Digital Reading Desk: A lightweight approach to digital note-taking.”
“Digital textbooks versus print textbooks.”

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