Social Policy in Canada

LHUM 1215: Social Policy in Canada Assignment Description and Evaluation Criteria


Winick LHUM 1215 Research Paper 2023 1

Policy Analysis & Research Paper

Due: Week 7 Value: 25%

For this paper you will choose a topic of study that is relevant to current Canadian

Social Policy. You will write a paper that reflects your analysis of an issue contained in a particular piece of provincial or federal legislation/policy. This analysis will briefly include the historical context. The legislation should be

related to a particular Canadian social policy area that you have discussed with me prior to beginning this project. This assignment may be done individually, in a dyad,

or in a small group.

This topic can be directly related to your research in other courses, or it can be a new topic area. Whatever you choose it is expected that you will discuss your

ideas with me prior to beginning this assignment so that we can ensure you have chosen something that is relevant to Canadian Social Policy and will provide you an

appropriate application throughout the semester.

LHUM 1215: Social Policy in Canada Assignment Description and Evaluation Criteria


Winick LHUM 1215 Research Paper 2023 2


The 8 – 10-page Policy Analysis & Research Paper will reflect an analysis of an

issue contained in a particular piece of provincial or federal legislation/policy with recognition of the impact of historical context on your topic. The legislation should

be related to a particular Canadian social policy area and discussed with me prior to beginning this project. This assignment may be done individually, as a dyad, or a (small) group.

Please use the following guidelines as you construct your paper.

Title: Full title indicating the topic/issues the paper is dealing with.

I. Introduction

• The social policy or program that will be studied in this paper.

• The social issue(s) that the policy/program is intended to address. • Significance of this issue to social policy and social welfare (Why is this an

important issue that needs to be studied? What issues frame the

contemporary discussion of this issue?).

• A description of how you organized your paper.

II. The Causes, Scope, and Implications of the Problem

• What are the causes of (or socioeconomic, psychological, political and

cultural factors influencing) the problem/issue?

• How serious is the problem?

• What are the characteristics of the population most affected by the problem? • Include a description of the historical background of this

problem/program/policy. III. Description and Analysis of Policies/ Programs • What are the current federal/provincial policies and programs that deal with

this issue?

• What is their (political, social, and/or economic) rationale?

• Are they meeting the needs of the population group(s) most affected by the

problem? Do they work effectively?

LHUM 1215: Social Policy in Canada Assignment Description and Evaluation Criteria


Winick LHUM 1215 Research Paper 2023 3

• Have they been implemented as they were planned? What are anticipated

results vs. the unanticipated results? • Include a discussion of strengths and weaknesses.

IV. Conclusion and Policy Recommendations • Based on your analysis and critique state the needed improvement in current

policies and programs: What goals should be set to improve things? What strategies can achieve these goals?

• Who should take responsibility for improving things?

• What cost might be involved in your proposed strategy?

• Are the costs justified by the benefits to be realized?

• Are your recommendations possible to implement?

• What might go wrong with your solutions?

• Include a closing summary.

V. References (proper use of APA style):

• APA style (Article and books listed should be those that are actually cited in

the paper).

• Popular magazines, tabloids, and books that are not of academic nature must

not be used as reference source unless of significant influence and approved

by faculty prior to use.

• Newspaper articles may be cited when the subject is brand new and academic research bases reference materials are nonexistent OR to frame

the issue in the current social/cultural context.

• Sources from the Internet may be cited (with proper citation, of course)

when they are academic and/or research based.

• You are strongly encouraged to use the Canadian government publications available online.

• Your name is on the file submitted.

Your FINAL paper will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

❖ Completeness of overall analysis (e.g., did you cover all of the relevant


❖ Appropriate balance and tone of presentation (i.e., are you presenting both

sides fairly?)

❖ Level of research and use of appropriate sources (sufficiently broad scope of

research, not based solely on online sources).

❖ Writing skill (including grammar, syntax, and overall flow of argument).

❖ Clear closing summary.

❖ Formatting & APA. The core paper should be between 8 – 10 pages in length

and follow APA structure for formatting and APA style for citations in text and

in the reference page.

Social Policy in Canada


Social policy is a vast and complex field that has a significant impact on the lives of Canadians. This essay will explore three key components of social policy in Canada: the evaluation of the impact of social policy on health outcomes, the effectiveness of social policy in reducing poverty levels, and the role of gender in social policy development. By exploring these topics, this essay will provide an in-depth understanding of social policy in Canada and its effects on the population.
The evaluation of the impact of social policy on health outcomes in Canada is an important area of inquiry. As Korn (2000) posits, “The impact of social policy on health outcomes in Canada has been a topic of increasing interest over the last decade” (p. 8). By recognizing the importance of social policy, public health initiatives can be tailored to maximize positive health outcomes. To this end, it is important to consider the various factors that influence health outcomes in Canada. Social policy, for example, can have an impact on the prevalence of chronic diseases, access to health services, and even mental health. Furthermore, it is important to consider how social policy interacts with the environment, economy, and healthcare system to shape health outcomes. It is also worth noting that the impact of social policy on health outcomes can be moderated by an individual’s access to resources and level of education. Ultimately, a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of social policy on health outcomes in Canada requires an examination of the multitude of factors that influence health outcomes, as well as a consideration of how these factors interact.
According to L Kenworthy in Social Forces (1999), social policy has been effective in reducing poverty levels in Canada. As Kenworthy states, social policy has been effective in providing some degree of financial security to those living in poverty, allowing them to make ends meet and providing them with the opportunity to improve their standard of living. Kenworthy also notes that social policy has been effective in providing access to basic needs and services, such as healthcare, education, and housing, which are critical for those living in poverty to be able to not only survive, but to thrive. Furthermore, Kenworthy points out that social policy has been effective in providing the necessary support for those struggling with poverty to be able to break out of the cycle of poverty and to achieve economic stability. Through these various initiatives, social policy has been able to reduce poverty levels in Canada and to improve the quality of life for those living in poverty.
Gender has long been a driving force behind social policy development in Canada. In their book “Gender Inequality: Feminist Theories and Politics”, JS OConnor, AS Orloff, and S Shaver (1999) discuss how gender has deeply influenced the development of social policy in the country. They argue that gender has been an integral factor in the shaping of social policy since the 19th century, when the first wave of feminism emerged. As such, it has been an integral part of Canada’s social and economic development. This is because, according to OConnor, Orloff and Shaver (1999), gender has played a key role in influencing how government resources are distributed, and what type of initiatives are created to address different social issues. For example, they suggest that the introduction of gender-based policies and initiatives in Canada were instrumental in helping to bridge the gender gap between men and women in terms of their economic and social opportunities. Furthermore, they argue that these policies have also been essential in addressing issues of inequality in the workplace, such as pay gaps and unequal access to employment opportunities. In addition, gender has also been a significant factor in the development of social policies related to health care, education, and other public services. As OConnor, Orloff and Shaver (1999) point out, gender has been fundamental in not only determining the content and scope of social policies, but also in influencing how they are implemented and evaluated. This is because gender has been a major factor in determining how resources are allocated, and how different systems of power and privilege are maintained. In conclusion, gender has been and continues to be a crucial element in the development of social policy in Canada, and its impact and influence must be taken into account when examining the role of gender in social policy development.
Social policy in Canada plays a critical and necessary role in the lives of its citizens by helping to ensure quality of life, security, and individual well-being. With the increasing inequalities seen across Canada, the need for robust social policy to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor is paramount. Social policy is essential to reducing poverty, ensuring the growth of communities, and fostering fair and equal opportunities for all Canadians. While social policy has the potential to create a better future for all Canadians, it is ultimately up to our government to decide what should be implemented in order for us to achieve our social goals.
Work Cited
L Kenworthy.”Do social-welfare policies reduce poverty? A cross-national assessment.”
AS Orloff.”States, markets, families: Gender, liberalism and social policy in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and the United States.”
“Expansion of gambling in Canada: Implications for health and social policy.”

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