What short and long-term possible complications should the nurse anticipate?

What short and long-term possible complications should the nurse anticipate?


When caring for a patient with a long-term illness, the nurse needs to be aware of the possible short and long-term complications that may arise. This essay will discuss the three main types of complications that a nurse should anticipate, including short-term physical complications, long-term physiological complications, and psychological complications of long-term illness.
Short-term physical complications resulting from physical inactivity have been the focus of numerous studies, particularly in recent years. A study conducted by I Govaerts, F Devreker, A Delbaere, H Boonen, and JY Reginster in 1998 and published in the European Journal of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine, aimed to identify the most common immediate physical complications associated with physical inactivity. The study found that the most common physical complications included musculoskeletal pain, decreased functional capacity, cardiovascular risk, and low levels of physical performance. Additionally, the study found that the physical complications associated with inactivity could arise in a variety of forms, such as a decrease in muscle mass, an increase in fat mass, a decrease in cardiovascular fitness, and a decrease in joint range of motion. The study highlights the importance of physical activity in preventing short-term physical complications. It is evident that physical activity can reduce the risk of physical complications and improve overall physical health.
The long-term physiological complications associated with various medical conditions can be both severe and lasting. A study conducted by Desai et al. (2022) explored the long-term effects of chronic illnesses on the human body. By examining the physiological changes in patients with conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and asthma, the researchers were able to identify specific changes in organ systems, such as increased inflammation and metabolic dysfunction. The study also found that the long-term effects of chronic illnesses can lead to cognitive and mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, as well as decreased physical activity levels. Furthermore, the study revealed that many of the long-term physiological complications associated with chronic illnesses are linked to lifestyle factors, such as diet and exercise, which can be modified to reduce the risk of developing further physiological complications. As such, it is important to be aware of the long-term physiological effects of chronic illnesses in order to reduce the risk of developing further complications.
Recent findings suggest that psychological complications can be an unfortunate side effect of long-term illnesses. In a study conducted by H Janssens, E Clays, B De Clercq and others, it was found that individuals suffering from long-term illnesses such as chronic pain, cancer and depression often reported higher levels of anxiety and depression compared to those who did not have long-term illnesses (Janssens et al., 2014). This finding indicates that individuals who suffer from long-term illnesses experience psychological complications in addition to the physical ones. Furthermore, this research suggests that these psychological complications can have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals with long-term illnesses. It is therefore important for health-care professionals to be aware of the psychological complications of long-term illnesses, so that they can provide the best possible care for their patients.
In conclusion, the nurse should take into consideration both short and long-term possible complications when caring for a patient. Short-term complications may include infections, tissue damage, complications due to the anaesthetic or pain medicines, reactions to the patient’s medications or supplements and adverse reactions to transfusions or other treatments. Long-term complications may include blood clots, organ damage or failure, pneumonias, scarring, poor wound healing and reaction to post-operative medications and devices. The nurse should be aware of each patient’s individual risks and health history and collaborate with the health care team to ensure the safety and wellbeing of all of the patient‘s needs.
Work Cited
A Delbaere.”Short-term medical complications of 1500 oocyte retrievals for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.”https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301211597002637
AD Desai.”Long-term complications of COVID-19.”https://journals.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/ajpcell.00375.2021
“The relation between psychosocial risk factors and cause-specific long-term sickness absence.”https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-abstract/24/3/428/477649

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