Ludwig Von Bertalanffy

Executive Summary

General systems theory was originally proposed by biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy in 1928. Systems theory reviews the organization and properties of systems regarding relationships, from which new properties of wholes emerge. A system could be broken down into its individual components so that each component could be analyzed as an independent entity, and the components could be added in a linear fashion to describe the totality of the system. Von Bertalanffy proposed, a system is characterized by the interactions of its components and the nonlinearity of those interactions.

History of Theory

The general system theory was introduced by Ludwig von Bertalanffy in the 1920s. General System Theory (GST) started out as result of a number of disciplines such as biology, mathematics, social science and philosophy. As many disciplines emerged the goal and role of general system theory started to change to. Even though von Bertalanffy started to think about GST in the 1930s, he didn’t articulate the vision until 1954 at the AAAS conference. According to Ray (2000) the vision of von Bertalanffy was to obtain biologically minded scientists to consider their work from a holistic perspective. His thought was to include the goal of constructing a mechanism which can be used to reduce duplication of theoretical effort in the sciences. The proposal was to have GST serve as unifying for philosophers to become committed to building a serious theory (Ray, 2000).

Major Precepts of Theory

Disease and health should be looked at as a graduated scale, or health grid. The health grid is broken in three parts: the health axis (peak-wellness to death), the environmental axis (biological, physical, and socioeconomic factors), and the resulting health and wellness quadrants. Those quadrants are: poor health in an unfavorable environment, protected poor health in a favorable environment, emergent high-level wellness in an unfavorable environment, and high-level wellness in a favorable environment (Dunn, 1959). Man is a spiritual being and it cannot be ignored when trying to achieve high-level wellness. The mind, body, and spirit must be taken care of as once unit, instead of compartmentally.

Current Applications of Theory

There are steps to quantify positive health:

1) Effect refinements in incidence and prevalence rates to demarcate more clearly the area of positive health from that of illness and disability. 2) Develop susceptibility indexes through the use of biochemical and functional tests to differentiate groups of persons most susceptible to specific diseases and conditions. 3) Establish precursors-of-disease indexes, closely related to the foregoing and designed to show variations from the normal. 4)Select groups of people who are disease-free and who are making full use of their talents, capacities, and potentialities; then measure them by biochemical, functional, and psychological tests to establish the characteristics of those enjoying a high level of wellness. Such groups would need to be selected so as to be representative of the various ages, sexes, and racial combinations (Dunn, 1959).

Conclusion

Dunn’s theory incorporated the wellness of man and spirit. Wellness is affected by biological, physical, and socioeconomic factors. Taking care of man’s body, mind, and spirit in unity will provide optimal wellness. Dunn believed focusing on wellness instead of illness was more important. His theory is credited for starting the wellness movement, which is currently thriving.

Questions (answers are highlighted)

What was Dunn’s theory about Man?

Man is a flawed being who cannot be trusted with their own wellness.

Man is a spiritual being and the spirit cannot be ignored when trying to achieve high-level wellness.

Man’s spiritual wellness is separate from his physical wellness.

Man does not have a spirit.

What are the three parts of Dunn’s health grid?

Biological, physical, and socioeconomic

Nutrition, mental, and biophysical

Logical, spirited, and appetitive

The health axis, the environmental axis, and the resulting health and wellness quadrants

The health axis covers which part of the lifespan?

Birth to death

Adolescence to mid-life

Peak-wellness to death

Poor wellness to recover and maintenance

References

Mitchell, G. (n.d.). Bertalanffy’s General Systems Theory: The Topology of Mind Development. Retrieved from https://mind-development.eu/systems.html

Executive Summary of Non-nursing Theorist

You will be assigned a theory or theories to research. Complete a 1 page executive summary; you must include references. APA format must be used. Presentations are to be submitted as directed. NO LATE SUBMISSIONS WILL BE ACCEPTED.

Students will be assigned theories or models on which to write questions (3 per theory) for an in-class discussion. Questions are to be written to reflect the student’s understanding of the theory or model; the student must be able to thoroughly discuss the content.

Be prepared to explain the theory as it applies to a family.

References must include scholarly, non-textbook primary and secondary sources

(although textbooks may also be used)

Submit onto Sakai in appropriate assignment (Executive Summary), and please include the grading sheet.

Grading criteria sheet is the same as the jigsaw summary.

Jigsaw/Executive Summary Grading Criteria

Points Possible Your Points
Summary Paper
1. Introduction/Conclusion 2
2. History/Origins of Theory 3
3. Major Precepts of Theory
4. Current Application(s) of Theory
Mechanics
5. Grammar/form/spelling/punctuation/ Logical flow/readability/APA format/Citations and References 3
6. Two peer questions (total four) addressed and answered fully 2
Total Points 10

 

Get 20% Discount on This Paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Try it now!

Get 20% Discount on This Paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Ace Writing Center has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

At Ace Writing Center, Nowadays, students normally have extremely busy schedules. You will note that some of them have to take on some evening or weekend jobs in order to get some income that can help them to sustain in college or in the university. This can deny them a chance to write all the essays given. Others usually get bombarded with a lot of work by their lecturers. This can still delay such students from working on all their essays. However, some of them usually try to work on all these essays but end up delivering their work late. This can prevent them from graduating since most lecturers are strict on deadlines. If you want to write a business essay, the wise way is to hire an outstanding essay writing service like us, so that you can get the best results. If you are keen, you will note that many companies usually overcharge their customers. Some of them are there only to make money. And in reality, they really don’t care to build a long term commitment with students. You should not choose such companies. You should take your time and choose a reliable company to work with. Ace Writing Center is the ultimate solution for you. We have been offering our writing service for more than 7 years. This is a clear indication that you will get quality essay writing service. We have a wide range of writers who can work on any business essay that you might have. We believe in doing extensive research so that we can provide quality work to all our clients. .

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

Have you ever had to write an admission essay for college? The majority of students face the same issues when applying to a university or college and many in such situations decide they need professional help to cope with this matter. They get in a situation when the deadline keeps coming closer but lack motivation to start because they are just not sure if their writing skills are strong enough. We have a solution for you! Ace Writing Center is the best admission essay writing service with a large professional team and years of experience in providing high-quality papers to students of all levels and faculties. The mission of our team is to help students make their dreams of entering a good college come true and that’s what we offer!.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Sometimes all the words for your paper just flow out of your mind and into your fingers. You type quickly at your keyboard and there they are, your beautiful words right there on the screen. But you have no idea how to polish it up. You may be wishing there was a paper writing service that offered this type of writing service. Look no more! Here at Ace Writing Center, we offer you an editing and proofreading option that you can't find anywhere else..

Coursework

College Essay Writing

In case you are familiar Ace Writing Center, you know the way to distinguish a better company from a cheap one exactly. First of all, poor service website does not have a sufficient support. We think support team is an essential part of success; it has to answer all clients’ questions and be a connecting link between clients and their writers. On our web-service you will get answers about anything you need and your writer will receive all your instructions, assignments and requirements exactly and swiftly. A writing service that we run has got a flexible pricing system that will save you from senseless wastes and many bonus systems that let you sparing money for something important for you.

Open chat
1
Hello. Can we help you?