Post Abby-EBP

Respond using one or more of the following approaches:

Ask a probing question, substantiated with additional background information, and evidence

Offer and support an alternative perspective using readings from the classroom or from your own review of the literature in the Walden Library.

Make a suggestion based on additional evidence drawn from readings or after synthesizing multiple postings.


Skloot, R. (2010). The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks. New York, NY: Crown Publishing Group.

                                                                      MAIN POST

                                          Ethical Dimensions of Research Studies

       Nursing research and research studies can offer many gains in the healthcare field and offer clear, conscience evidenced-based practices (EBP). Before diving into conducting a research study it is essential to understand ethical issues and ethical dilemmas. Research ethics demand necessity on daily work, the protection of test subject’s and the publicizing of information from the research (Fouka & Mantzorou, 2011). Ethical dilemmas are situations where the test subject’s rights are in conflict with the studies requirements (Polit & Beck, 2017). Nursing researcher need to be aware of any ethical issues and develop a research plan to help alleviate any problems or ethical dilemmas.

Transfusion of Prematures

       Transfusion of Prematures (TOP) Trial was an open, parallel-group multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) analyzed by the intention to treat (Kirpalani et al., 2012). The main point of the TOP trial was to determine whether higher hemoglobin levels for giving transfusions to extremely low birth weight infants could result in higher hemoglobin levels leading to the improvements in neurodevelopmental impairment at 22-26 months of age and the primary outcome to be survival (ClinicalTrials, 2019). The trial explained that by avoiding a breach the current practice boundaries of the hemoglobin levels that would require an infusion by using a transfusion algorithm. This would avoid dilemmas and minimize risks to the test subject’s. There are no real results of this trial. The test subject’s will be seen for follow-up visits at around six years old to assess neurological and functional outcomes based on the transfusion threshold (Kirpaplani et al., 2012).

Ethical Principles

       Three principles that standards of ethical conduct in research are based on are beneficence, respect for human dignity and justice (Polit & Beck, 2017). Beneficence can be explained as a duty to promote good and eliminate harm to the test subjects. The TOP trial was seen by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) as harmful by veering away from usual care and harmful risks were posed by the deviations (National Public Radio, 2013). The researcher could have maintained usual care and not deviate from routine care on the test subjects. The second ethical principle is respect for human dignity which is the right to know what will take place or full disclosure (Polit & Beck, 2017). The TOPS trial had defects and faced criticism for not telling all this risks that the subjects would face. In this trial the consent forms did not elaborate on previous studies about when to transfuse. The studies suggested that premature infants that had transfusions later had a higher chance of death, brain injury and emergency care for transfusions (National Public Radio, 2013). The researchers should have been honest to the test subject’s parents regarding the previous studies and the risks of participation in the study. The third principle is justice which allows for fair treatment and the right to have privacy (Polit & Beck, 2017). In the TOPS trial it was suggested that the subject’s parents were not aware of what was being asked. Parents were giving up their rights to a physician to make decisions on what they feel was in the best interest of the infant. This would impede on the right to fair treatment. The researchers need to make sure that the parents of the test subjects understand every aspect of the trial and have the rights to make decisions on what they feel is in the best interest of their child. The parent should have the say so in what is being done to their child and not a physician. Research can be done on sensitive issues while protecting the rights of the research subjects by following the ethical principles. Adopting the ethical principles will help avoid ethical dilemmas in research.


       Nursing research has many benefits to the practice and can produce evidence- based practices to help provide the best care to our patients. Ethical dilemmas can be avoided by conducting a study that poses minimal conflicts with patient rights. Making patient safety the main goal is essential in the success of a research study. Keeping ethical principles of beneficence, respect for human dignity, and justice intertwined in the development or framework of the study is the only way to ensure that participants are being protected.


ClinicalTrials. (2019). Transfusion of Prematures (TOP). Retrieved March 18, 2019, from

Fouka, G., & Mantzorou, M. (2011). What are the major ethical issues in conducting research? Is there a conflict between the research ethics and the nature of nursing? Health Science Journal, 5(1), 3-14. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Kirpalani, H., Bell, H., D’Angio, C., Hintz, S., Kennedy, K., Ohls, R., Poindexter, B., Schibler, K., Schmidt, B., Vohr, B., Widness, J., Das, A., Higgins, R., Zupancic, J., Roberts, R., Whyte, R., Chaudhary, A., & Johnson, K. (2012). Transfusion of Prematures (TOP) Trial: Does a Liberal Red Blood Cell Transfusion Strategy Improve Neurologically-Intact Survival of Extremely-Low-Birth-Weight Infants as Compared to a Restrictive Strategy? Neonatal Research Network. Retrieved from TOP_Protocol.pdf.

National Public Radio (2013). Another Study of Preemies Blasted Over Ethical Concerns. Retrieved March 18, 2019, from

Polit, D.F., & Beck, C.T. (2017) Nursing Research Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.


Get 20% Discount on This Paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Try it now!

Get 20% Discount on This Paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Ace Writing Center has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.


Essay Writing Services

At Ace Writing Center, Nowadays, students normally have extremely busy schedules. You will note that some of them have to take on some evening or weekend jobs in order to get some income that can help them to sustain in college or in the university. This can deny them a chance to write all the essays given. Others usually get bombarded with a lot of work by their lecturers. This can still delay such students from working on all their essays. However, some of them usually try to work on all these essays but end up delivering their work late. This can prevent them from graduating since most lecturers are strict on deadlines. If you want to write a business essay, the wise way is to hire an outstanding essay writing service like us, so that you can get the best results. If you are keen, you will note that many companies usually overcharge their customers. Some of them are there only to make money. And in reality, they really don’t care to build a long term commitment with students. You should not choose such companies. You should take your time and choose a reliable company to work with. Ace Writing Center is the ultimate solution for you. We have been offering our writing service for more than 7 years. This is a clear indication that you will get quality essay writing service. We have a wide range of writers who can work on any business essay that you might have. We believe in doing extensive research so that we can provide quality work to all our clients. .


Admission and Business Papers

Have you ever had to write an admission essay for college? The majority of students face the same issues when applying to a university or college and many in such situations decide they need professional help to cope with this matter. They get in a situation when the deadline keeps coming closer but lack motivation to start because they are just not sure if their writing skills are strong enough. We have a solution for you! Ace Writing Center is the best admission essay writing service with a large professional team and years of experience in providing high-quality papers to students of all levels and faculties. The mission of our team is to help students make their dreams of entering a good college come true and that’s what we offer!.


Editing and Proofreading

Sometimes all the words for your paper just flow out of your mind and into your fingers. You type quickly at your keyboard and there they are, your beautiful words right there on the screen. But you have no idea how to polish it up. You may be wishing there was a paper writing service that offered this type of writing service. Look no more! Here at Ace Writing Center, we offer you an editing and proofreading option that you can't find anywhere else..


College Essay Writing

In case you are familiar Ace Writing Center, you know the way to distinguish a better company from a cheap one exactly. First of all, poor service website does not have a sufficient support. We think support team is an essential part of success; it has to answer all clients’ questions and be a connecting link between clients and their writers. On our web-service you will get answers about anything you need and your writer will receive all your instructions, assignments and requirements exactly and swiftly. A writing service that we run has got a flexible pricing system that will save you from senseless wastes and many bonus systems that let you sparing money for something important for you.

Open chat
Hello. Can we help you?